## XY Chain....revisited

Post the puzzle or solving technique that's causing you trouble and someone will help

### XY Chain....revisited

It seems like everytime I think I have the XY chain down pat, something comes along I don't understand. It the puzzle below, please look at

r9c4=2 r4c4=6 r4c9=1 r9c9=2

If I go backwards it still looks like as if r9c4 or r9c2 should equal 2 and I could eliminate 2 from r9c7.

I would appreciate somebody informing me of my faulty logic by explaning in detail where I went wrong.

Thank you,

Code: Select all
` *-----------* |.5.|.1.|.7.| |91.|7.8|53.| |.87|4.5|.1.| |---+---+---| |593|.4.|78.| |...|873|.95| |.78|.5.|.23| |---+---+---| |..5|1.7|96.| |..1|5..|.47| |769|.84|.5.| *-----------*  *--------------------------------------------------------------------* | 2346   5      246    | 2369   1      269    | 268    7      24689  | | 9      1      246    | 7      26     8      | 5      3      246    | | 236    8      7      | 4      2369   5      | 26     1      269    | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 5      9      3      | 26     4      126    | 7      8      16     | | 1246   24     246    | 8      7      3      | 146    9      5      | | 146    7      8      | 69     5      169    | 146    2      3      | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 248    234    5      | 1      23     7      | 9      6      28     | | 28     23     1      | 5      69     69     | 238    4      7      | | 7      6      9      | 23     8      4      | 123    5      12     | *--------------------------------------------------------------------*`
Jasper32

Posts: 60
Joined: 04 January 2008

Your chain says that if r9c4=2 then r9c9=2. Notice anything odd here? What's the elimination?

RW
RW
2010 Supporter

Posts: 1000
Joined: 16 March 2006

Jasper32 If you still can't work it out from RW's tip.

Select here for an extra clue to what RW wrote:You have proved that if r9c4=2 then r9c4<>2. A contradiction leading to r9c4<>2.
Your chain contains the XY-wing based on r4c9 which yields the same elimination.
Glyn

Posts: 357
Joined: 26 April 2007

### Re: XY Chain....revisited

Jasper32 wrote:I would appreciate somebody informing me of my faulty logic by explaning in detail where I went wrong.

This seems to be a problem for numerous people. So you are not alone.

Use Glyn's concealed comment to find a 3-cell XY-Chain.
daj95376
2014 Supporter

Posts: 2624
Joined: 15 May 2006

### Re: XY Chain....revisited

Jasper32 wrote:It seems like everytime I think I have the XY chain down pat, something comes along I don't understand. It the puzzle below, please look at

r9c4=2 r4c4=6 r4c9=1 r9c9=2

If I go backwards it still looks like as if r9c4 or r9c2 should equal 2 and I could eliminate 2 from r9c7.

I would appreciate somebody informing me of my faulty logic by explaning in detail where I went wrong.

Code: Select all
`   *--------------------------------------------------------------------* | 2346   5      246    | 2369   1      269    | 268    7      24689  | | 9      1      246    | 7      26     8      | 5      3      246    | | 236    8      7      | 4      2369   5      | 26     1      269    | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 5      9      3      | 26     4      126    | 7      8      16     | | 1246   24     246    | 8      7      3      | 146    9      5      | | 146    7      8      | 69     5      169    | 146    2      3      | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 248    234    5      | 1      23     7      | 9      6      28     | | 28     23     1      | 5      69     69     | 238    4      7      | | 7      6      9      | 23     8      4      | 123    5      12     | *--------------------------------------------------------------------*`

Try the "Left Over Method" described back in Feb in this thread, and you'll never have this problem again.

If you start with the 2 in r9c4, then the 3 is the "left over" number. In your example you could say, "3 is left over and
2 can see 2, (in r4c4)
6 can see 6, (in r4c9)
1 can see 1, (in r9c9)
and 2 is left over."

It's not an XY cycle if the first and last "left over" numbers are not the same, simple as that. When they *are* the same, any value that both the "left over" values can see is the elimination.

Looking at Glyn's example, you would start with r4c4, and the 2 would be the "left over" number. You could say, "2 is left over and
6 can see 6,
1 can see 1,
and 2 is left over."

Both "left over" numbers are 2, and both can see the 2 in r9c4, and there ya have it.

Take a look at another XY chain from this puzzle and see if you can find two "left over" 6's.
Code: Select all
`   *--------------------------------------------------------------------* | 2346   5      246    | 2369   1      269    | 268    7      24689  | | 9      1      246    | 7      *26    8      | 5      3      246    | | 236    8      7      | 4      2369   5      | 26     1      269    | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 5      9      3      | *26    4      126    | 7      8      16     | | 1246   24     246    | 8      7      3      | 146    9      5      | | 146    7      8      | 69     5      169    | 146    2      3      | |----------------------+----------------------+----------------------| | 248    234    5      | 1      *23    7      | 9      6      28     | | 28     23     1      | 5      69     69     | 238    4      7      | | 7      6      9      | *23    8      4      | 123    5      12     | *--------------------------------------------------------------------*`

Luke
2015 Supporter

Posts: 435
Joined: 06 August 2006
Location: Southern Northern California

### Xy Chain .... revisited

I want to thank all of you for your replies and your enduring patience. I truly now think I fully grasp the concept of the XY chain. A special thanks to Luke 451 for his enlightment on this subject.

Now if anyone has a way of rapidly finding ALS's, I would love tp hear from you.

Again, thanks to all of you who replied.

Jasper
Jasper32

Posts: 60
Joined: 04 January 2008

### Re: Xy Chain .... revisited

Jasper32 wrote:Now if anyone has a way of rapidly finding ALS's, I would love to hear from you.

Jasper, this may help: