## Write up?

Everything about Sudoku that doesn't fit in one of the other sections

### Write up?

I'm new to this forum.

I've been tempted on many occasions to write up the techniques I use to solve Sudokus.

I use mental techniques: low-hanging fruit, arrows, and left-middle-right.
I use written techniques: casual dots, row end numbers, casual numbers, complete dots, and row guess.
Some techniques I no longer use except on rare occasions: X-wing, 5 spaces, complete numbers.

"Row guess" with "complete dots" sufficed to get me right through a Black Belt Sudoku book without difficulty.

Should I write up my techniques?

Are there any other write-ups of Sudoku solving techniques that distinguish between "casual dots" and "complete dots"?
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

### Re: Write up?

You will get the most interest, and personal benefit, if you read up on the terminology we use around here before doing such a writeup. The odds are high that you are simply calling something we are already familiar with by another name.

There is a lot of value to learning and using common terminology. If we don't speak the same language we can't readily share and build on each others results.

JasonLion
2017 Supporter

Posts: 640
Joined: 25 October 2007
Location: Silver Spring, MD, USA

### Re: Write up?

Mollwollfumble, here’s a couple of links to get you started:
http://www.sudocue.net/guide.php. – describes methods in ascending order of complexity
http://sudopedia.enjoysudoku.com/. – a mirror Jason took of an old Wiki style site which is now no longer available
David P Bird
2010 Supporter

Posts: 1040
Joined: 16 September 2008
Location: Middle England

### Re: Write up?

David P Bird wrote:Jason, that’s a well written reply giving sound advice.

Mollwollfumble, here’s a couple of links to get you started:
http://www.sudocue.net/guide.php. – describes methods in ascending order of complexity
http://sudopedia.enjoysudoku.com/. – a mirror Jason took of an old Wiki style site which is now no longer available

I've had a quick look through those. They look like a great introduction to some of the more advanced techniques that I haven't seen on the web before.

But I don't see anything equivalent (even under different names) on either site to any of the written methods of:
"casual dots, row end numbers, casual numbers, complete dots, and row guess" that I use constantly. Nor do they mention anywhere the memory help technique I've called "left-middle-right". So perhaps I'd better write this up.

http://www.sudocue.net/guide.php uses what I've called "complete numbers", what I've called "arrows", and an interesting colouring system that I haven't seen before.
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

### Re: Write up?

mollwollfumble wrote:I'm new to this forum.

I've been tempted on many occasions to write up the techniques I use to solve Sudokus.

I use mental techniques: low-hanging fruit, arrows, and left-middle-right.
I use written techniques: casual dots, row end numbers, casual numbers, complete dots, and row guess.
Some techniques I no longer use except on rare occasions: X-wing, 5 spaces, complete numbers.

"Row guess" with "complete dots" sufficed to get me right through a Black Belt Sudoku book without difficulty.

Should I write up my techniques?

Are there any other write-ups of Sudoku solving techniques that distinguish between "casual dots" and "complete dots"?

Now written up and on the web at http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hallsofjamaica/sudoku%20solving%20dots.pdf

Where possible I've used the standard Sudoku terminology from the pages linked by David P Bird, but those pages seem to miss three fairly-well-known solving aids that have appeared elsewhere on the web and in Sudoku book introductions.
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

mollwollfumble wrote:

If there are more than 28 [given] digits in the puzzle
then it’s likely to be very easy

really?
here's a little collection of 742 puzzles having 39 cells given,
tell me if any of them is "very easy"

here's an example — not a puzzle i would ever try —
Code: Select all
` . . . | . . . | . . 1  . . 2 | . 1 3 | . 4 5  1 4 . | . 2 5 | 3 6 . -------+-------+------ . 2 4 | . 7 8 | . 5 .  5 7 . | 3 . 2 | . 8 4  8 . . | . 5 . | . . . -------+-------+------ . 8 . | . . 7 | . 1 .  2 . 7 | . 8 1 | 4 3 .  4 1 . | 2 3 . | . . 8 `

Pat

Posts: 3674
Joined: 18 July 2005

### Re:

Pat wrote:
mollwollfumble wrote:

If there are more than 28 [given] digits in the puzzle
then it’s likely to be very easy

really?
here's a little collection of 742 puzzles having 39 cells given,
tell me if any of them is "very easy"

Code: Select all
`795|6..|8..81.|.95|.76.46|.87|.95---+---+---67.|8.9|.5.92.|56.|78..58|.7.|6.9---+---+---56.|7..|9.8.37|9.8|56..89|.56|..7`

49 clues. SE rates it 10.4. thanks to dobrichev for the puzzle
Once upon a time I was a teenager who was active on here 2007-2011
ocean and eleven should have paired up to make a sudoku-solving duo called Ocean's Eleven
999_Springs

Posts: 431
Joined: 27 January 2007
Location: In the toilet, flushing down springs, one by one.

mollwollfumble wrote:

If there are more than 28 [given] digits in the puzzle
then it’s likely to be very easy

right. "likely" means 70% ?
and "very easy" -- i shan't try guessing

Pat

Posts: 3674
Joined: 18 July 2005

### Re: Write up?

You are confusing solving AIDS with solving TECHNIQUES. Pencil marks, dots, etc. are solving AIDS, but they are NOT techniques, or strategies, to solve a puzzle. Quite frankly, your writeup doesn't make a whole lot of sense to anyone who is reasonably experienced with solving sudoku. I think you need to familiarize yourself with known techniques and fully comprehend them before you are in any position to add your own.

enxio27

Posts: 470
Joined: 13 November 2007

### Re: Write up?

After posting http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry ... 20dots.pdf I was too chicken to look at the forum, too worried about what sudoku experts might say. Have only just got back to it now.

enxio27 wrote:You are confusing solving AIDS with solving TECHNIQUES. Pencil marks, dots, etc. are solving AIDS, but they are NOT techniques, or strategies, to solve a puzzle. Quite frankly, your writeup doesn't make a whole lot of sense to anyone who is reasonably experienced with solving sudoku. I think you need to familiarize yourself with known techniques and fully comprehend them before you are in any position to add your own.

OK, "aids" rather than "techniques" or "strategies" if it makes you happy.

Code: Select all
`795|6..|8..81.|.95|.76.46|.87|.95---+---+---67.|8.9|.5.92.|56.|78..58|.7.|6.9---+---+---56.|7..|9.8.37|9.8|56..89|.56|..7`

49 clues. SE rates it 10.4. thanks to dobrichev for the puzzle

The first thing I did was simplify the look of it, replace all 5,6,7,8,9 with X and, because only four numbers remain unfilled use the dot method placement for four unknowns rather than for 9 unknowns.

You're right about two things. First, the "line guess" method I described doesn't suffice on its own. Second, it's a remarkably difficult Sudoku for so little fill-in.

I solved it in about 1 hour, which is about twice as long as I normally need to solve an average Black Belt Sudoku (ie. Level 3 and above).

There are 24 possibilities for Row 1. Try all 24. 14 are quickly eliminated leaving 10. For each of the 10 in turn try all possibilities for Row 8. That's all it took.

Pat wrote:
mollwollfumble wrote:

If there are more than 28 [given] digits in the puzzle
then it’s likely to be very easy

really?
here's a little collection of 742 puzzles having 39 cells given,
tell me if any of them is "very easy"

here's an example — not a puzzle i would ever try —
Code: Select all
` . . . | . . . | . . 1  . . 2 | . 1 3 | . 4 5  1 4 . | . 2 5 | 3 6 . -------+-------+------ . 2 4 | . 7 8 | . 5 .  5 7 . | 3 . 2 | . 8 4  8 . . | . 5 . | . . . -------+-------+------ . 8 . | . . 7 | . 1 .  2 . 7 | . 8 1 | 4 3 .  4 1 . | 2 3 . | . . 8 `

I timed the solution to this one (I don't normally time Sudokus). 1 hour and 8 minutes.

The first thing I did was to fill all the blank cells using the method of complete dots I posted earlier. That took 8 minutes. Then I wasted time listing all possibilities for Row 7 (too many possibilities) and Row 9 (too few possibilities) before settling on Row 4 with Row 9 as a backup. I tried all eight options for Row 4 before finding the solution.

I've noticed in the past that whenever anyone posts what they claim is a difficult Sudoku, somebody else comes along and says "no, I found it easy". Well, I didn't find those two easy, but I didn't find them very difficult either. Perhaps there aren't any difficult Sudokus.
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

### Re: Write up?

mollwollfumble wrote:
Code: Select all
`795|6..|8..81.|.95|.76.46|.87|.95---+---+---67.|8.9|.5.92.|56.|78..58|.7.|6.9---+---+---56.|7..|9.8.37|9.8|56..89|.56|..7`

49 clues.

Code: Select all
` . . . | . . . | . . 1  . . 2 | . 1 3 | . 4 5  1 4 . | . 2 5 | 3 6 . -------+-------+------ . 2 4 | . 7 8 | . 5 .  5 7 . | 3 . 2 | . 8 4  8 . . | . 5 . | . . . -------+-------+------ . 8 . | . . 7 | . 1 .  2 . 7 | . 8 1 | 4 3 .  4 1 . | 2 3 . | . . 8 `

Solved in 1 hr
Perhaps there aren't any difficult Sudokus.

With fewer clues, "difficult" Sudokus get much more difficult. This one has 23 clues.
Code: Select all
` 5 . . | 4 . . | 8 . . . . . | . 9 . | . 1 .  . , 2 | . . 1 | . . 5 -------+-------+------ 6 . . | 3 . . | 4 . .  . 5 . | . 7 . | . . .  . . 4 | . . . | . . 8 -------+-------+------ 3 . . | 6 . . | 7 . .  . 6 . | . . . | . 8 .  . . 8 | . . 2 | . . 1 `

10 and a half hours for this last one. I didn't say I was fast.

The solution method I used is exactly the same for all three puzzles. Line guess with a second line as backup. It's not really fair to this technique to dismiss it as "brute force". It's better thought of as an example of "divide and conquer", which in computer-speak would be called "parallel processing" and in scientific terms is a type of "analysis", ie. the process of dividing a single difficult problem into a number of easier ones.

For the last puzzle above I first listed all 30 possibilities for row 7. All but five of these possibilities are quickly eliminated. For each of these 5 list all the possibilities for Row 9, (12, 20 or 8 possibilities) and work though each in turn until finding the solution.
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

### Re: Write up?

mollwollfumble wrote:
mollwollfumble wrote:I'm new to this forum.

I've been tempted on many occasions to write up the techniques I use to solve Sudokus.

I use mental techniques: low-hanging fruit, arrows, and left-middle-right.
I use written techniques: casual dots, row end numbers, casual numbers, complete dots, and row guess.
Some techniques I no longer use except on rare occasions: X-wing, 5 spaces, complete numbers.

"Row guess" with "complete dots" sufficed to get me right through a Black Belt Sudoku book without difficulty.

Should I write up my techniques?

Are there any other write-ups of Sudoku solving techniques that distinguish between "casual dots" and "complete dots"?

Now written up and on the web at http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hallsofjamaica/sudoku%20solving%20dots.pdf

Where possible I've used the standard Sudoku terminology from the pages linked by David P Bird, but those pages seem to miss three fairly-well-known solving aids that have appeared elsewhere on the web and in Sudoku book introductions.

Now updated write-up. On the web at http://freepages.misc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hallsofjamaica/sudoku%20solving%20dots3.pdf

The new write-up includes some changes on considering your feedback, addition of more examples of gridding and casual dots. Addition of "two-line alternatives" for the hardest Sudokus, and methods suitable for the Sudoku variants "arrow sequences sudoku" and "killer sudoku".
mollwollfumble

Posts: 8
Joined: 09 April 2014

### Re: Write up?

If i understand it right, your approach to solve hard puzzles is very similar to one of 2 favorites i had, when i thought about how to solve hardest sudokus manually on the lonely island, some years ago.
The other was to try the 2 or maximum 3 digits in a cell, and devide and conquer.

However i think, that in champagnes list of 1.5 mio hardest puzzles (there, in ph_1409.zip) there are enough, which will take you a lot longer to solve them.
I had no time to calculate, which of the two methods would be better on average, but for sure there will be puzzles, which are extremely hard for the one or the other.
eleven

Posts: 1899
Joined: 10 February 2008

### Re: Write up?

I think part of the reason you are finding sudoku puzzles so easy is that the "row guess" you do. Most people who play sudoku try to avoid guessing based techniques as they tend to limit the potential difficulty of a puzzle. If you want to challenge yourself I would recommend trying to complete these puzzles without your row guess or other guessing techniques.
ixsetf

Posts: 50
Joined: 11 May 2014

### Re: Write up?

Designing a difficult singles semi-backtracking puzzle for manual solvers who like to guess:

Small sized M3 backdoor puzzle. That has small sized M2 puzzles. That has Small sized M1 Puzzles
Morph the puzzle so that the the 3 backdoors are centrally located within the puzzle (or at the end if targeting left to right backtrackers only)
Morph the puzzle so that the the 3 backdoors have middle values (or high values if targeting small to big backtrackers only)

If it is pure backtracking that is employed then adopting more "worst case scenario" morphs of the puzzle will achieve also a good result

Tarek

tarek

Posts: 2752
Joined: 05 January 2006

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