For the historians out there ...

Bertram and Frazer weren't the first! The honour goes to "qscgz", some 20 months earlier.

:shock:

14 posts
• Page **1** of **1**

For the historians out there ...

Bertram and Frazer weren't the first! The honour goes to "qscgz", some 20 months earlier.

:shock:

Bertram and Frazer weren't the first! The honour goes to "qscgz", some 20 months earlier.

:shock:

- Red Ed
**Posts:**633**Joined:**06 June 2005

Ha

I did wonder if the number had been calculated before.......maybe in another galaxy

Is it likely that someone can come up with that number in 7 weeks on their own.....qscgz shows remarkable understanding and was able to program a computation.

This was before sudoku had hit the newspapers.

I think it might be more likely to be a hacker....except it isnt.

The previous posts from qscgz do imply a degree of ability [understatement]

Perhaps we could try qs...@aol.com

Respect

C

I did wonder if the number had been calculated before.......maybe in another galaxy

Is it likely that someone can come up with that number in 7 weeks on their own.....qscgz shows remarkable understanding and was able to program a computation.

This was before sudoku had hit the newspapers.

I think it might be more likely to be a hacker....except it isnt.

The previous posts from qscgz do imply a degree of ability [understatement]

Perhaps we could try qs...@aol.com

Respect

C

- coloin
**Posts:**1738**Joined:**05 May 2005

qscgz wrote:I found 46656 solutions ("rcc9s") , to place 9 queens

(or whatever) into a 9x9 square , such that no two queens are in

the same row,column or cell.

Two such rcc9s are called disjoint , if all their 18 queens are

on different squares.

A solved NPP (number place puzzle) is nothing but a set of 9 mutually

disjoint rcc9s.

Now I wrote a program that tried to generate solved NPPs in 9 steps:

On each step s :

count the number n(s) of rcc9s that are disjoint to all the other

previously selected rcc9s ,

and select one of those disjoint rcc9s at random.

some typical outcomes for the n(s) were:

46656,17972,6121,1848,443,96,24,2,1

46656,17972,6200,1716,470,81,10,0,-

46656,17972,6121,1848,443,96,24,2,1

46656,17972,6190,1879,426,96,18,4,1

46656,17972,6021,1784,359,63,4,0,-

46656,17972,6022,1688,383,82,10,0,-

46656,17972,6046,1748,420,82,11,0,-

46656,17972,6096,1680,392,88,14,2,1

46656,17972,6021,1712,306,72,14,0,-

46656,17972,6254,1942,528,122,11,0,-

Now I multiplied the n(s) , divided by 9! since the order doesn't

matter and got 1.5*10^16 in average.

qscgz

Yes this was in 1998 , "rcc9s" = "templates", and he certainly understood.

And this is a "Monte Carlo" estimation of 6670903752021072936960

Maybe this was refered to indirectly in the early days.... by Josh

If qscgz is reading this....

I say "well done"

C

- coloin
**Posts:**1738**Joined:**05 May 2005

Red Ed wrote:Not 7 weeks ... more like 5 years. He(?) posted on the same subject back in 1998, at which time he just did some Monte Carlo trials. Search for "rcc9s" on Google Groups.

sep 1998 also provided an estimate on min #clues

qscgz wrote:My estimate for the number of different solved number-place-puzzles

is ~ 10^16 (found numerically,Monte Carlo).

So, if every clue reduces the number of solutions by a factor of 9 ,

then at least 17 clues would be necessary . ( 9^17 ~ 10^16)

I know I've groused on players/programmers forum posters to search twice post once

shame on me

- gsf
- 2014 Supporter
**Posts:**7306**Joined:**21 September 2005**Location:**NJ USA

Red Ed wrote:I agree that his(?) methodology is off for estimating the number of clues. No points for qscgz on that count, in my book.

points for intuition though

at that time I think the lowest known were ~20 clues

early forum guesses in 2005 were 19 and 18

and with the monte carlo wouldn't any estimates be based on some form of uniformity of data from start to finish?

assuming uniformity from the first digit templates to the last, leading to 17,

must be something of merit there, no?

- gsf
- 2014 Supporter
**Posts:**7306**Joined:**21 September 2005**Location:**NJ USA

Well, Im sure he [?] didnt do the Monte Carlo and the subsequent enumeration without making a few false assumptions along the way.

with reductions of 9! by fixing B1 it is possible to solve with 12 clues

Can we make this fit with the 10^16 number

[No]

C

- Code: Select all
`+---+---+---+`

|.2.|.7.|5..|

|4.6|...|...|

|.89|...|...|

+---+---+---+

|...|2.9|...|

|3..|...|1..|

|...|8..|...|

+---+---+---+

|5..|1..|...|

|...|...|.98|

|...|.4.|...|

+---+---+---+

+---+---+---+

|123|.7.|5..|

|456|...|...|

|789|...|...|

+---+---+---+

|...|2.9|...|

|3..|...|1..|

|...|8..|...|

+---+---+---+

|5..|1..|...|

|...|...|.98|

|...|.4.|...|

+---+---+---+

with reductions of 9! by fixing B1 it is possible to solve with 12 clues

Can we make this fit with the 10^16 number

[No]

C

- coloin
**Posts:**1738**Joined:**05 May 2005

The Monte Carlo bit was just there to estimate the 6.67e21 number. To get from there to "at least 17 clues" took a clumsy estimate which IMHO hit on 17 as the answer more by luck than by judgement. Qscgz seemed to retract it shortly afterwards ("I'm no longer glad with this").

I know I'm being a bit harsh.

I know I'm being a bit harsh.

- Red Ed
**Posts:**633**Joined:**06 June 2005

Back when Bertram and Frazer first posted their results in this thread, I Googled for 6670903752021072936960 and 6.67*10^21 and all the other ways to represent that number that I could think of, to see if they were the first (I also looked for the versions of 6.65E21 of MY estimate to see if I was the first).

At that time, I found nothing. Now this turns up. It is very strange.

At that time, I found nothing. Now this turns up. It is very strange.

- tinfoil
**Posts:**16**Joined:**06 June 2005

Odd, but not suspicious I think: it was a newsgroup posting that requires a special Google Groups search. I suppose we all just forgot to do that.

I will continue to think of B+F as the "fathers" of this result as it wasn't until their work that the calculation -- and thus any reason for believing the result -- was described. Qscgz's was just a number out of thin air: he was the first to claim the answer, but not (that I know of) first to prove it.

If you remain in doubt, why not email him/her. (Has anyone done that yet?)

I will continue to think of B+F as the "fathers" of this result as it wasn't until their work that the calculation -- and thus any reason for believing the result -- was described. Qscgz's was just a number out of thin air: he was the first to claim the answer, but not (that I know of) first to prove it.

If you remain in doubt, why not email him/her. (Has anyone done that yet?)

- Red Ed
**Posts:**633**Joined:**06 June 2005

qscgz had been a frequent poster to that group

http://groups.google.co.uk/groups/profile?enc_user=v3J5DA0AAABJAeVSEMz5yobZxj2WYC9e

in the 'distant past', but after April 2002, he/she did not post for 17 months, including waiting 6 months after their quoted post, posted this SINGLE post with an unsubstantiated 'magic number' exactly matching B&F's 'later' number of 2005, and then never posted again! Doesn't this seem odd!?

http://groups.google.co.uk/groups/profile?enc_user=v3J5DA0AAABJAeVSEMz5yobZxj2WYC9e

in the 'distant past', but after April 2002, he/she did not post for 17 months, including waiting 6 months after their quoted post, posted this SINGLE post with an unsubstantiated 'magic number' exactly matching B&F's 'later' number of 2005, and then never posted again! Doesn't this seem odd!?

- tinfoil
**Posts:**16**Joined:**06 June 2005

I dont think there is doubt that he [?] calculated the number when he did.

Well....A 22 figure number cant really be coincidence.......

Perhaps an analogy approaching it is that he found it in the "thin air"somewhere near the summit of K2 [without oxygen and in his underpants, of course]

It looks as if he did the "Monte Carlo" estimation in 1998, see above, and then he produced the number with insight into the isomorphs/essentially different grids in September 2003.

There are many many other posts from this chap - so I cant believe it was hacked.

He also had the aptitude to solve "problems" with computor technigues especially latin squares and knights moves.

This chap also doesnt appear to want /need credit or recognition.

His alias does appear to have Gone from the Search engines however.

**Hidden Text: **Show

C

Red Ed wrote:Qscgz's was just a number out of thin air

Well....A 22 figure number cant really be coincidence.......

Perhaps an analogy approaching it is that he found it in the "thin air"somewhere near the summit of K2 [without oxygen and in his underpants, of course]

It looks as if he did the "Monte Carlo" estimation in 1998, see above, and then he produced the number with insight into the isomorphs/essentially different grids in September 2003.

There are many many other posts from this chap - so I cant believe it was hacked.

He also had the aptitude to solve "problems" with computor technigues especially latin squares and knights moves.

This chap also doesnt appear to want /need credit or recognition.

His alias does appear to have Gone from the Search engines however.

dukuso wrote:

ahh yes, that's me.

I spent two weeks on that problem in 2002 or 2003 with a 500MHz computer,

all sorts of complicated pre-calculations.

Now they can do it in a fraction of a second !

I became interested in sudokus in 1999, the problems looked interesting to me,

I couldn't understand why it got so little attention ... until 2005

I'm not using the qscgz account very often - much spam, but you can still rech me there.

Be patient for a reply ...

I even got mentioned as qscgz in a paper from Brendan Mc.Kay.

best, Guenter

C

- coloin
**Posts:**1738**Joined:**05 May 2005

14 posts
• Page **1** of **1**